Beauty

Alexandrite stone (50 photos) - Properties and values, decorations with it

Much has been written about the amazing properties of the alexandrite stone. Let's try to tell only about the most significant (sign) its differences.

"that mineral is able to change color

In daylight, it has a rich green, bluish-or olive-green hue, but when artificially it is painted in pink-crimson, purple or reddish-purple tones.

If, in daylight, to illuminate it, for example, with a lantern, it can also show a dual, mixed color - reddish reflections will appear on a green background

Discovery history

It is believed that the first alexandrite was found in 1834 by the Finnish mineralogist Nordenschild. He discovered a strange stone of thick green color by chance and at first confused it with emerald. Putting the mineral in his pocket, the scientist decided to study it at his leisure.

It is believed that the first alexandrite was found in 1834 by the Finnish mineralogist Nordenschild

He discovered a strange stone of thick green color by chance and at first confused it with emerald. Putting the mineral in his pocket, the scientist decided to study it at his leisure

However, in the late evening, when the candles were lit, when he pulled the alexandrite out of his pocket, the mineralogist saw that the stone changed color to ruby ​​red

However, in the late evening, when the candles were lit, when he pulled the alexandrite out of his pocket, the mineralogist saw that the stone had changed color to a ruby-red. Its hardness also differed from the hardness of emerald - it was one unit higher and was 8.5 units. Thus, a new mineral was discovered, named after Tsar Alexander II, who was 18 years old these days.

There is another version that Perovsky, who in 1833 found this mineral at a mine in the vicinity of Yekaterinburg, presented this stone to the future Tsar on the day of his majority. The young emperor liked the alexandrite so much that he straightened it into a ring and never left it again.

So the "royal stone" caught on in Petersburg. After all, this mineral personified the colors of the nobility - green and red. However, only the chosen ones wore it - after all, it cost so much that it was equal in value to diamonds and emeralds.

There is another version that Perovsky, who in 1833 found this mineral at a mine in the vicinity of Yekaterinburg, presented this stone to the future Tsar on the day of his majority.

The young emperor liked the alexandrite so much that he straightened it into a ring and never left him again

So the "royal stone" caught on in Petersburg. After all, this mineral personified the colors of the nobility - green and red

It was not easy to find a large deposit of this breed - it is extremely rare in nature. A unique druse (a group of accreted stones) weighing 5.38 kg was found only in 1840. Even less often, perfectly transparent stones of a rich thick color and very large alexandrites can be found.

Tip! When choosing alexandrite, you should focus only on your own feelings. Even an imperfect stone with small turbidity, but pleasing the eye, will bring more benefits than an excellent specimen that does not cause you great emotions.

Distinctive features

What does alexandrite look like (photo)? As we already mentioned, this mineral can change color. In daylight, it has a rich green, bluish-or olive-green hue, but when artificially it is painted in pink-crimson, purple or reddish-purple tones. If, in daylight, to illuminate it, for example, with a lantern, it can show a dual, mixed color - reddish reflections will appear on a green background.

The gemologist Bauer, when describing him, aptly noted that during the day he was an emerald, and at night he became an amethyst

Jewelers called such an effect "Alexandrian" - after all, it is the most developed it is precisely at this stone.

The gemologist Bauer, when describing him, aptly noted that during the day he was an emerald, and at night he became an amethyst. Jewelers called such an effect "Alexandrian" - after all, it is the most developed it is precisely at this stone.

Tip! To enhance the magical properties of alexandrite, it is better not to take it off at night..

Types of alexandrite

The gemstone alexandrite (photo) is classified only by color. For a long time, it was mined only in the Urals, which is why this mysterious mineral was called by the mystics "Russian prophetic stone." Then in the world were discovered and other deposits of alexandrite:

Gemstone alexandrite is classified only by color

For a long time, it was mined only in the Urals, which is why this mysterious mineral was called the "Russian prophetic stone"

The stone from Sri Lanka loses more in artificial light, its shade at the same time becomes brownish with a slight incrustation of violet

  • Indian: in daylight has a bluish-green tint;
  • Ural: emerald green, with evening lighting becomes purple-red; the most beautiful and clean stone;
  • Brazilian: it has less contrasting than the Ural one, transitions of shades; in daylight it becomes olive green;
  • a stone from Sri Lanka: on the contrary, it loses more in artificial light, and its shade becomes brownish with a slight incrustation of violet.

Indian: bluish green in daylight

Ural: emerald green, with evening lighting becomes purple-red; the most beautiful and clean stone

Brazilian: has less contrasting than the Ural one, transitions of shades; in daylight it becomes olive green

Tip! If you are a happy owner of alexandrite, consider yourself extremely lucky. Indeed, in India and Sri Lanka, it is called the amulet of long-livers.

Artificial alexandrites

After the revolution, for all the years of the USSR existence, not a single alexandrite was sold through the retail network. Experts say that even now 99% of these stones, sold in jewelry stores, are artificial.

After the revolution, for all the years of the USSR existence, not a single alexandrite was sold through the retail network.

Experts say that even now 99% of these stones, sold in jewelry stores, are artificial

The same relatively inexpensive items that look very similar to alexandrite, sold in jewelry stores, have absolutely nothing to do with it.

The same relatively inexpensive items that look very similar to alexandrite, sold in jewelry stores, have absolutely nothing to do with it. To “grow” this stone on an industrial scale has been learned since the second half of the 20th century. For example, in Novosibirsk, crystals were obtained with a diameter of 3 cm and a length of up to 12 cm, which were also able to change color depending on the lighting.

Its most common imitation is corundum, derived from vanadium and aluminum oxides. And some of them have not even 2, but 3 changing color shades. Such stones in nature simply do not exist. Sometimes to create synthetic alexandrite use some types of spinel (so called aluminum oxide and magnesium).

Very often, technical samples consist of doublets - two layers, the first of which is pyrope or almandine, and the lower one - glass or an inexpensive green stone. Sometimes there are also "refined" specimens - natural minerals, whose properties are altered by heating, x-rays or coating with dyes. For example, greenish-yellow tsimofan using copper gamma rays give a copper-brown hue.

“Growing up” this stone on an industrial scale was learned from the second half of the 20th century.

Its most common imitation is corundum, derived from vanadium and aluminum oxides.

And some of them have not even 2, but 3 changing color shades

Tip! Artificial alexandrite is also not cheap. Its price is about 500 dollars / carat.

How much is a real alexandrite?

All gems, depending on the value on the world market, are divided into 4 groups:

  • first: it includes ruby, blue sapphire (this shade is valued much more than other colors), emerald and, of course, diamond;
  • second: except for alexandrite, sapphires of any shades except blue are included in it, black opal and jade;
  • third: white and fire opal; demantoid (has a greenish tint and belongs to the group of pomegranates), spinel (its characteristic feature is prickly luster), topaz, aquamarine, tourmaline and rhodolite;
  • zircon, chrysolite, beryl of three shades (yellow, green and pink), citrine, turquoise and amethyst.

Smithsonian is the largest processed alexandrite in the world: a greenish-red stone weighing 65.08 carats

The largest pebble found in Russia weighs 2 times less - about 30 carats

The price of stone alexandrite affects the purity of the stone, its color and, of course, the size

However, this classification is not accurate, because the cost of precious stones at the discovery of new deposits may vary. The price of stone alexandrite (photo) is influenced by the purity of the stone, its color and, of course, size.

So, the biggest processed alexandrite in the world is the Smithsonian: a greenish-red stone weighing 65.08 carats. It is cut with a cushion with wide edges and rounded corners. The largest pebble found in Russia weighs 2 times less - about 30 carats.

Uncut stone, or rather, a group of accrete stones, weighing 5 kg, found in the Urals, are stored in Moscow in the museum of Fersman. Call them "Friends of Kochubey."

In the press there is information that the Japanese collector has alexandrite weighing as much as 141.92 carats. If it existed in reality, its value would be $ 100 million.

How to distinguish an artificial stone?

As we have already noted, real alexandrites are very rare. Indeed, silicon should not enter the process of their formation - the second most common substance after oxygen on earth. If you still think that you are very lucky, and you “attacked” the trail of a real stone, before carrying it to the laboratory, try to determine for yourself whether it is real. To determine the gross forgery can be as follows:

Real alexandrites are very rare. After all, the process of their formation should not enter silicon - the second most common substance after oxygen on earth

If you still think that you are very lucky, and you “attacked” the trail of a real stone, before carrying it to the laboratory, try to determine for yourself whether it is real

Carefully consider the stone to light; because pure violet alexandrites do not exist in nature - they must necessarily have a reddish or pink hue

  • carefully consider the stone to the light; after all, purely purple alexandrites do not exist in nature - they must necessarily have a reddish or pink hue;
  • Unlike natural, an artificial sample will look perfectly transparent and have no inclusions;
  • should pay attention to its weight: the average mass of alexandrite does not exceed the carat; too large stones are very rare, so they will cost prohibitively expensive.

If a stone is not a rough imitation, but a product grown in a laboratory, only a professional with the help of special equipment can determine this.

Unlike natural, an artificial sample will look perfectly transparent and have no inclusions.

It is necessary to pay attention to its weight: the average mass of alexandrite does not exceed carat; too large stones are very rare, so they will cost prohibitively expensive

If the stone is not a rough imitation, but a product grown in a laboratory, only a professional with the help of special equipment can determine this.

Tip! In Russia, buying jewelry with a real stone alexandrite (photo), even if you are not a poor person, is almost unreal. Our jewelry workshops do not engage in such products. They need to go to the USA. Moreover, the cost of even "simple" pebbles with small turbidity on average there will be from 2 to 6 thousand dollars / carat.

Mystical properties

"It has a green morning and a fiery evening." That is how the "Russian prophetic stone" was described by one of Leskov's heroes. Anyone who wants to buy the coveted pebble, you should know that he simply will not tolerate a weak person and may even push him to the trouble. To the strong spirit, the “royal stone” will certainly bring glory and success in any undertaking.

"It has a green morning and a fiery evening." That is how the "Russian prophetic stone" described one of the characters Leskov

Anyone who wants to buy the coveted pebble, you should know that he simply will not tolerate a weak person and may even push him to trouble

To the strong spirit, the “royal stone” will certainly bring glory and success in any undertaking

In India, where it is found in bulk, it is associated with luck and prosperity, as well as longevity

In different countries, a variety of properties are attributed to this “two-faced” stone. So, in India, where it is found in bulk, it is associated with luck and prosperity, as well as longevity. Among gambling people there is an opinion that this gem can seriously increase the chances of winning. In Europe, the variability of this mineral is associated more with falling in love.

But most of the mystics agree that alexandrite is able to restore the inner harmony of a person, the balance between his spirit and body. Its owner becomes more calm and restrained, as well as reasonable and communal. But, if after wearing it you begin to feel anxiety and discomfort, immediately get rid of it - it does not suit you.

Among gambling people there is a perception that this gem can seriously increase the chances of winning.

In Europe, the variability of this mineral is associated more with falling in love

But the majority of mystics agree that alexandrite is able to restore the inner harmony of a person, the balance between his spirit and body.

Its owner becomes more calm and restrained, as well as judicious and communal.

Tip! The people of this stone is often called the "widow", so wear it is allowed only in pairs. Perhaps this is due to the fact that the fashion for artificial alexandrites occurred in the post-war years, when many women did not wait for their husbands from the front.

Alexandrite and the zodiac signs

Opinions of astrologers in this regard vary. So, due to the fact that he is able to change color, in India he is associated with a two-faced Mercury and therefore is recommended to acquire it first of all to Twins. In America, there is a perception that alexandrite prefers Scorpions.

Due to the fact that he is able to change color, in India he is associated with the two-faced Mercury and therefore is recommended to acquire it in the first place to Twins.

In America, there is a perception that alexandrite prefers Scorpios.

Russian soothsayers claim that this green mineral is best worn only by Lions.

In Europe, it is believed that the most fully reveal its properties, he is able only in the hands of Pisces

Russian soothsayers claim that this green mineral is best worn only to the Lions. In Europe, it is believed that the most fully reveal its properties, he is able only in the hands of Pisces. Modern astrologers believe that this stone helps first of all Libra, Aries, Virgo, Aquarius and Fish.

Interesting! Alexandre is associated with the mystical death of his namesake, Alexander II. They say that at the time of the attempt (carriage explosion), the king, who had never parted with him, forgot to put on the coveted ring.

Healing properties

Many psychics have noticed that wearing this stone has a beneficial effect on the health of its owner. So, he is able to:

Alexandrite is able to protect against many diseases.

Calms nerves, improves sleep, stabilizes the balance of mind and emotions

Positively affect the state of the liver, pancreas and spleen

  • protect against many diseases;
  • calm nerves, improve sleep, stabilize the balance of mind and emotions;
  • normalize pressure;
  • positively affect the state of the liver, pancreas and spleen;
  • relieve alcohol dependence;
  • Hindus believe that this mineral can get rid of scabies and even leprosy.

Mystic Eliphas Levi connects the properties and significance of the stone alexandrite (see photo) with its duality and claims that in this it is similar to the duality of blood (venous and arterial). That is why with its help you can:

  • improve its circulation;
  • clean and strengthen the vessels;
  • reduce pain with varicose veins;
  • cure many cardiovascular ailments;
  • stop the bleeding.

You can also improve blood circulation with this stone.

Clear and strengthen the vessels

However, only a true stone can heal. Artificial minerals are incapable

It is believed that alexandrite may respond to illness or adversity. In this case, it changes color and turns yellow.

Однако излечить сможет лишь настоящий камень. Искусственные минералы на такое неспособны.

Tip! Считается, что александрит может реагировать на болезни или невзгоды. В таком случае он меняет окраску и желтеет. В австрийской же астрологии, напротив, считается, что минерал сам предлагает хозяину пройти испытания. In the event that he is able to withstand them adequately, a reward awaits him.